Defining Successful Aging: A Tangible or Elusive Concept
Martin, Peter; Kelly, Norene; Kahana, Boaz; Kahana, Eva; Willcox, Bradley J.; Willcox, D. Craig; Poon, Leonard W.
The Gerontologist 55(1): 14-25, 2015.
Everyone wants to age successfully; however, the definition and criteria of successful aging remain vague for laypersons, researchers, and policymakers in spite of decades of research on the topic. This paper undertook a thorough review and evaluation of the literature and highlighted work of scholars who made significant theoretical contributions to the topic. Historical perspectives reached back to philosophical and religious texts, and more recent approaches have focused on both process- and outcome-oriented models of successful aging.
Health Web Science
Joanne S. Luciano; Grant P. Cumming; Eva Kahana
Now Publishers Inc, 2014
Health Web Science is a co-authored monograph in the series Foundations and Trends in Web Science, with Now Publishers. Kahana and her colleagues note that the transformative power of the World Wide Web on all aspects of daily life, including health care, has been widely recognized. Health Web Science explores the role of the Web as it drives discussions, technologies, policies and solutions related to health. It also examines the impact of the Web’s health-related uses on the design, structure and evolution of the Web itself.
Baby Boomers’ Expectations of Health and Medicine
Eva Kahana and Boaz Kahana
Virtual Mentor 16(5): 380-384, 2014
As large numbers of baby boomers cross into old age, there will be greater demands for chronic health care and for meeting the special needs posed by the “graying” of disability. Baby boomers are different from the generations that preceded them; they are more savvy, assertive, health-conscious, and engaged in their care.
The authors’ recent research has involved interventions to encourage older adults to be more proactive in communicating with their clinicians. As part of a randomized controlled trial (RCT), they are evaluating the efficacy of a patient communication intervention—“Speak Up”—compared to a civic engagement-oriented attention control group—“Connect.” During the four-year period of this study, they have noticed a marked increase in patient preparedness and initiatives and an increasingly active group process in which study participants offer advice to one another about speaking up to their primary care physicians and requesting test results and other data about their health status and care needs.
The emergent discipline of health web science
Luciano, Joanne S.; Cumming, Grant P.; Wilkinson, Mark D.; Kahana, Eva
Journal of Medical Internet Research, 15(8): e166-173, 2013
The transformative power of the Internet on all aspects of daily life, including health care, has been widely recognized both in the scientific literature and in public discourse. Viewed through the various lenses of diverse academic disciplines, these transformations reveal opportunities realized, the promise of future advances, and even potential problems created by the penetration of the World Wide Web for both individuals and for society at large.
This paper explored and interrogated the contributions of the burgeoning field of Web Science in relation to health maintenance, health care, and health policy. This paper then introduced Health Web Science as a subdiscipline of Web Science, distinct from but overlapping with Medicine 2.0.We present Health Web Science (HWS) as a subdiscipline of Web Science that, while being interested in the Web’s impact on health and well-being, also examined the impact of the Web’s health-related uses on the design, structure, and evolution of the Web itself.
Altruism, helping, and volunteering: Pathways to well-being in late life
Kahana, E.; Bhatta, T.; Lovegreen, L.D.; Kahana, B.; Midlarsky, E.
Journal of Aging and Health, 25(1): 159-187, 2013
This study examined the influence of prosocial orientations including altruism, volunteering, and informal helping on positive and negative well-being outcomes among retirement community dwelling elders. We utilized data from 2 waves, 3 years apart, of a panel study of successful aging (N = 585). Psychosocial well-being outcomes measured included life satisfaction, positive affect, negative affect, and depressive symptomatology.
Ordinal logistic regression results indicated that altruistic attitudes, volunteering, and informal helping behaviors make unique contributions to the maintenance of life satisfaction, positive affect and other well-being outcomes considered in this research. Predictors explained variance primarily in the positive indicators of psychological well-being, but are not significantly associated with the negative outcomes. Findings underscore the value of altruistic attitudes as important additional predictors, along with prosocial behaviors in fostering life satisfaction and positive affect in old age.
Self-regulatory driving behaviors: Gender and transportation support effects
Choi, M.; Adams, K. B.; Kahana, E.
Journal of Women & Aging, 25(2): 104-118, 2013
This study examined the relationship between transportation support and self-regulatory driving behaviors of 566 community-dwelling older adults living in retirement communities, with a focus on gender differences. The results of logistic regression analysis showed that older women were more likely to avoid driving at night or on the highway than their male counterparts.
Transportation support from peer friends was found to increase the likelihood of self-regulatory driving behaviors. The findings of this study imply that transportation policy and driving safety programs for older adults need to be developed, considering available transportation alternatives and gender differences in driving behaviors.