Mary Patrice Erdmans


Mather Memorial Building 223B

Other Information

Education: Ph.D. Northwestern University, 1992

Mary Erdmans is a professor of Sociology. Her areas of interest are migration and ethnicity (with a focus on Poles and Polish Americans), social movements and collective behavior, intersectional inequalities, and narrative methods. Her monographs include: Opposite Poles: Immigrants and Ethnics in Polish Chicago, 1976-1990The Grasinski Girls: The Choices They Had and the Choices They Made; and On Becoming a Teen Mom: Life Before Pregnancy (with Tim Black). Her academic articles have appeared in the Journal of American Ethnic HistorySociological QuarterlyStudia MigracynjneSociological InquiryQualitative Health ResearchPolish American StudiesHumanity & Society, and Pamiec i Sprawiedliwość. Her literary essays have been published in Los Angeles Review and North American Review. She is an active member and former president of the Polish American Historical Association. Her current research focuses on narratives of activism among the Solidarność generation in Poland. In 2019, she was a Fulbright Scholar in Gdańsk where she collected the life stories of political refugees who returned to Poland after the fall of communism.

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Courses Taught

Narrative Methods

Poland in the Twentieth Century

Social Inequality

Social Movements and Social Change

Race and Ethnic Relations in the United States

Research and Scholarly Interests

Oral Histories of Polish Return Solidarity Refugees

In August 1980, an independent trade union known as NSZZ Solidarność was formed in communist Poland. Over the next 16 months, the union/opposition movement grew to represent one-third of the population; it was outlawed when martial law was imposed on December 13, 1981. In a scourge of mass arrests, thousands of opposition activists were imprisoned and upon their release more than 10,000 sought refuge in the United States, Canada, Europe, and Australia. Less than a decade later the communist government collapsed and many of these refugees returned to a new political economic order in Poland. These return Solidarity refugees, most of whom are now in their 60s and 70s, have noteworthy social histories: they grew up in a communist country; participated in a national movement that challenged the government; fled from political persecution and established new residences, occupations and life styles abroad; and returned to live in a democratic capitalist society. The findings from this study document the life stories of this unique cohort as well as contribute to the scholarship on transnationalism and return migration.


On Becoming a Teen Mom: Life Before Pregnancy (with Timothy Black)
University of California Press, 2015

In this book, we examine the life stories of 108 white, brown, and black teen mothers. Following their life trajectories from childhood through schools, relationships, and family trauma, we tell the backstories to the early childbirth, arguing that focusing on the early birth distracts us from looking at systemic problems embedded in gender, class, and race inequalities. The book organizes the life stories around thematic narratives – very young mothers, child sexual abuse, interpersonal violence, school dropout, and contraception and abortion. We weave together subjective first-person accounts with interpretive third-person analyses to show how structural inequalities are manifest in individual biographies. The life stories and our interpretations challenge historical narratives of blame and shame often used to explain teen births and shape public policy; we instead point to the organization of power and domination shaping their trajectories, in particular, patriarchy, poverty, and racism. We argue that strategies are needed on three levels: the larger structural level where inequalities of power shape resources, opportunities, and moral orders; the interpersonal, more immediate level, where parenting occurs; and the organizational level–the schools and workplaces–where we can chart more effective public policies to support families and children. Click here to read a review in Contemporary Sociology.

Awards: The Betty and Alfred McClung Lee Book Award of the Association for Humanist Sociology; The William J. Goode Book Award, Honorable Mention, Sociology of the Family Section of the American Sociological Association; Distinguished Book Award, Honorable Mention, Race, Class and Gender Section of the American Sociological Association


The Grasinski Girls: The Choices They Had and the Choices They Made
Ohio University Press, 2005

          The Grasinski Girls are white working-class Americans of Polish descent, born in the 1920s and 1930s, who created lives typical of women in their day. They went to high school, married, and had children. For the most part, they stayed home to raise their children. And they were happy doing that. They took care of their appearance and their husbands took care of them. Like most women of their generation, they did not join the women’s movement, and today they either reject or shy away from feminism. Based on life-story interviews with five sisters, this study explores the private lives of white, Christian women in the post–World War II generation. Expanding Pierre Bourdieu’s concept of habitus to include gendered routines, the analysis focuses on the ways that social location shaped the choices they were given as well as the choices they made and examines the complexity of ordinary lives, exposing privileges taken for granted as well as nuances of oppression often overlooked.

This study challenged social science orthodoxy as the five sisters were my aunts and mother who became active participants in the public construction of their life stories. Reflexive interpretation was necessary and required that I examine my imprint as the researcher/daughter/niece in the construction of the story. The text includes the disagreements we had over how to tell their life stories: how to write the text (in whose words); what parts of their lives should be emphasized (motherhood or singlehood); how behaviors were to be interpreted (as defiance or acquiescence); and whose interpretation was “right.”  Click here to read a review in Context.

Awards: Oskar Halecki Prize, Polish American Historical Association


Opposite Poles: Immigrants and Ethnics in Polish Chicago, 1976-1990
Penn State Press, 1998

Opposite Poles presents a complex portrait of ethnic life in America. The focus is Chicago Polonia, the largest Polish community outside of Warsaw. During the 1980s a new cohort of Polish migrants from communist Poland, including many refugees from the Solidarity movement, joined the Polish American ethnics already settled in Chicago. The two groups shared an ancestral homeland, social space in Chicago, and the common goal of wanting to see Poland become an independent noncommunist nation. These common factors made the groups believe they ought to work together and help each other; but they were more often at opposite poles. The specious solidarity led to contentious conflicts as the groups competed for political and cultural ownership of the community. The Polish immigrants and Polish American ethnics had different resources, networks, and social identities – as immigrants and ethnics – that influenced collective action efforts. This account of intra-community conflict demonstrates the importance of distinguishing between immigrants and ethnics in American ethnic studies. Drawing upon interviews, participant observation, surveys, and Polish community press accounts, this study describes the social differences between the two groups that disrupted collective action. Click here to read a review in Contemporary Sociology.

Awards: Third Biennial Prize in Polish Studies, Honorable Mention, The Pennsylvania State University; Oskar Halecki Prize, Polish American Historical Association


This initial study on Polish refugees led to other research on contemporary Polish migrants including: moral conflicts related to Polish refugees’ decision to emigrate; factors influencing labor market satisfaction for undocumented Polish migrants working as home care providers for the elderly; narratives of immigration in the Polish press in the post-communist era; and the emergence of Polish immigrant enclaves in Chicago suburbs at the turn of the twenty-first century. For links to these and other publications, see the select publication list below.


Selected Publications

Erdmans, Mary Patrice and Polina Ermoshkina. (Forthcoming). “Don’t Ask; Don’t Tell: Polish Undocumented Home Care Workers in Late 20th Century Chicago.” In The Hidden Histories of Unauthorized European Migration to the United States in the Twentieth Century, eds. Deborah Kang and Danielle Battisti. Chicago: University of Illinois Press.


Erdmans, Mary Patrice. 2023. “Jewish Threads in a Polish Life Story.” Polish American Studies 80 (2): 36-59.


Erdmans, Mary Patrice and Adrianna Smell. 2019. “Explaining Attitudes toward Immigrants in the United States: Context, Class and Ideology.” Studia Migracynjne — Przeglad Polonijny  3 (173): 69-91.


Erdmans, Mary Patrice. 2019. „“Ja, jako psycholog mówię ci…”: ontologiczna narracja uchodźcy opozycyjnego z epoki „Solidarności” [“’I, a psychologist, tell you’: The Ontological Narrative of a Solidarity Refugee”] Człowiek i Społeczeństwo [Man and Society] 47: 119-142.


Erdmans, Mary Patrice. 2018. “Political-Economic Transnational Behavior: A Case Study of the Polish American Economic Forum.” Studia Migracynjne — Przeglad Polonijny 4(170): 9-30.


Erdmans, Mary Patrice. 2017. “The Role of the State in Contemporary Polish Political Migration and Return” in the United States Immigration Policy and Immigrants’ Responses: Past and Present, eds. Agnieszka Malek and Dorota Praszalowicz, 187-204. Frankfurt


Erdmans, Mary Patrice. 2015. “Murder in New Britain: Poles and Puerto Ricans Living in Concentrated Poverty.” Studia Migracynjne — Przeglad Polonijny 4 (158): 173-192


Erdmans, Mary Patrice; Black, Timothy. 2015. On Becoming a Teen Mom: Life Before Pregnancy. University of California Press.


Erdmans, Mary Patrice. 2014. “Aktywność polityczna uchodźców „Solidarności” w Chicago w latach 1980–1989 [Political Activism among Solidarity Refugees in Chicago, 1980-1989].” Pamiec i Sprawiedliwosc 2 (24): 423-445.


Erdmans, Mary Patrice. 2012.  “Title IX and the School Experiences of Pregnant and Mothering Students.Humanity & Society 36(1): 50-75.


Erdmans, Mary Patrice. 2009. “The Problems of Articulating Beingness in Women’s Oral Histories.” In Oral History: The Challenges of Dialogue, ed. Marta Kurkowska-Budzan and Krzysztof Zamorski, 87-97. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing.


Erdmans, Mary Patrice and Timothy Black. 2008. “What They Tell You to Forget: Child Sexual Abuse and Adolescent Motherhood.” Qualitative Health Research 18(1): 77.


Erdmans, Mary Patrice. 2007. “Poland.” In The New Americans: A Guide to Immigration Since 1965, ed. Mary C. Waters and Reed Ueda, 570-579. Cambridge: Harvard University


Erdmans, Mary Patrice. 2007. “The Personal is Political but is It Academic: Women’s life stories and oral histories”Journal of American Ethnic History 26(4): 7-23.


Erdmans, Mary Patrice. 2006. “New Chicago Polonia: Urban and Suburban.” In The New Chicago: A Social and Cultural Analysis, ed. John Koval, Larry Bennet, Michael Bennet, Fassil Demissie, Roberta Garner, & Kiljoong Kim, 115-127. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.


Erdmans, Mary Patrice. 2005. “The Poles, the Dutch, and the Grand Rapids Furniture Strike of 1911.” Polish American Studies 62:(2): 5-22.


Erdmans, Mary Patrice. 2004. “Looking for Angel:  White Working-Class Women Lost between Identities.”  Race, Gender & Class 11(4): 48-62.


Erdmans, Mary Patrice. 2004. The Grasinski Girls: The Choices They Had and the Choices They Made. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press.


Erdmans, Mary Patrice. 1999.  “Portraits of Emigration: Sour Milk and Honey in the Promised Land.” Sociological Inquiry 69(3): 337-363.


Erdmans, Mary Patrice. 1998. Opposite Poles: Immigrants and Ethnics in Polish Chicago, 1976-1990.  University Park, PA:  Penn State Press.


Erdmans, Mary Patrice. 1996. “Nielegalni imigranci I domowa opieka pielegniarska: Pozarynkowe warunki osiagania zadowolenia z pracy.” (“Illegal Immigrant Home Care Workers: Non-market Conditions of Job Satisfaction.”) Przeglad Polonijny  22(2): 53-69.  Krakow, Poland: Jagiellonian University.


Erdmans, Mary Patrice. 1995. “Immigrants and Ethnics: Conflict and Identity in Polish Chicago.” The Sociological Quarterly 36(1): 175-195.


Erdmans, Mary Patrice. 1992. “The Social Construction of Emigration as a Moral Issue.” Polish American Studies 49(1): 5-25.




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